The conference highlighted that the five EEC-UN environmental conventions and the EEC-UN EPR programme have made a significant contribution to improving environmental policy in the region, establishing environmental differences in the countries of South-Eastern and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia as they have served as the basis for many national measures to improve environmental management and to integrate environmental policies into other sectors. and promote sustainable development. The conference also noted that the EEC-UN conventions and the EPR programme have contributed to environmental security in the region. The introduction of administrative procedures in global governance has the potential to take due account of the interests of marginalized actors, but it risks entrecting the dominance of well-endowed and powerful actors. As a result, this book proposes a new framework to assess the extent to which administrative procedures in multilateral environmental agreement compliance systems restrict power and promote the interests of the States concerned, which are often developing and transition countries. This framework applies to compliance systems under the Montreal Protocol, the Kyoto Protocol and CITES, which address critical global environmental issues related to ozone depletion, climate change and trade in endangered species. The analysis shows that, under certain conditions, administrative procedures restrict the influence of the asymmetric power of states on compliance consultations. In addition, the systematic introduction of these procedures increases the possibility for the States concerned to be expressed and taken into account in compliance decision-making processes. A detailed table of international environmental agreements, to which the EU is already a party or signatory, has been drawn up.
The EU has already ratified many international environmental agreements, whether at the global level (multilateral agreements negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations) and at the regional level (for example. B within the framework of the UNITED Nations Economic Commission for Europe or the Council of Europe) and at the sub-regional level (for example. B for the management of seas or cross-border rivers). Evaluation and implementation work was divided into two meetings: (a) on « the state of the environment, monitoring and evaluation »; and (b) on the « implementation of multilateral environmental agreements (MEA) and the results of the UN-EEC`s (EWP) environmental performance assessments. » The themes covered in these agreements are very broad: biodiversity and nature protection, climate change, protection of the ozone layer, desertification, chemical and waste management, cross-border water and air pollution, environmental policy (including impact studies, access to information and public participation), work accidents, maritime and river safety, environmental responsibility. The Conference stressed the importance of accelerating the ratification of the EEC-UN conventions and their protocols and noted specific recommendations to countries to overcome bottlenecks that hinder the effective implementation of cooperation agreements that are discussed in the document « Critical Issues in the Implementation of Environmental Policy ». Most environmental problems are cross-border and often global and can only be effectively addressed through international cooperation. That is why the Lisbon Treaty stipulates that one of the main objectives of the EU`s environmental policy is to promote action at the international level to address regional or global environmental problems, and in particular to combat climate change. The EU is actively involved in the development, ratification and implementation of multilateral environmental agreements.