San Francisco Peace Agreement

The conditions of the capitulation of Potsdam constitute the only definition of conditions of peace to which Japan and the Allied Powers as a whole are bound. There have been some private agreements between some allied governments; But by these, Japan was not bound, nor were other allies bound. That is why the treaty embodies Article 8 of the Terms of Surrender, which provides that Japanese sovereignty should be limited to Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and certain minor islands. The declarations of renunciation referred to in Article 2 of Chapter II shall be strictly and conscientiously consistent with this concept of capitulation. From the spring of 1950, John Foster Dulles, as an advisor to the Secretary of State, participated in the establishment of the peace treaty with Japan. On August 7, 1950, he had prepared a brief draft, different from the plans of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.